The Great Russian Empire was on the brink of collapse. Stunning news swept swiftly around the word on 3 March 1917 - REVOLUTION IN RUSSIA! The Kronstadt sailors were the main participants of the Bolshevik coup during the Russian Revolution, taking control of the capital, Petrograd in October 1917 and holding it until the new government came to power after an overwhelming victory. In Kronstadt itself the sailors had shot many of the Tsar's most important naval and military figures - admirals, ships' commanders, captains and midshipmen. Later it was the sailors who also provided the main support of the Bolshevik government when it seized power. The sailors' black pea-jackets came to be regarded as a fearsome deterrent in Petrograd and eventually throughout all Russia. Four years were to pass before the sailors of the Baltic Fleet realized that the workers' and peasants' power, for which they had struggled so fiercely and which had been promised by the Bolsheviks, was never received. Thus in March of 1921 Russia found itself on the brink of yet another revolution - and the world would hear the name of Kronstadt once again.
Runtime: 50 minutes
Кронштадт 1921 - Kronstadt - Netflix
Kronstadt (Russian: Кроншта́дт), also spelled Kronshtadt, Cronstadt or Kronštádt (German: Krone for “crown” and Stadt for “city”; Estonian: Kroonlinn), is a municipal town in Kronshtadtsky District of the federal city of Saint Petersburg, Russia, located on Kotlin Island, 30 kilometers (19 mi) west of Saint Petersburg proper near the head of the Gulf of Finland. Population: 43,005 (2010 Census); 43,385 (2002 Census). It is also Saint Petersburg's main seaport. In March 1921, it was the site of the Kronstadt rebellion. Traditionally, the seat of the Russian admiralty and the base of the Russian Baltic Fleet were located in Kronstadt guarding the approaches to Saint Petersburg. The historic centre of the city and its fortifications are part of the World Heritage Site Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments. Kronstadt has been a place of pilgrimage for Orthodox Christians for many years due to the holy memory of Saint John of Kronstadt. Bus and water tours to Kronstadt are taken daily from Saint Petersburg. Kronstadt was the birthplace of Pyotr Kapitsa, co-recipient of the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physics.
Кронштадт 1921 - Kronstadt Rebellion - Netflix
In 1921, a group of naval officers and men, together with soldiers and civilian supporters, rebelled against the Bolshevik government in Soviet Kronstadt. The garrison had previously been a centre of major support for the Bolsheviks, and throughout the Civil War of 1917–1921, the naval forces at Kronstadt had been at the vanguard of the main Bolshevik attacks. Their demands included freedom of speech, the end of deportation to work camps, a change in Soviet war politics, and liberation of the soviets (workers' councils) from “party control”. After brief negotiations, Leon Trotsky (then the Minister of War in the Soviet Government, and the leader of the Red Army) responded by sending the army to Kronstadt, along with the Cheka. The uprising was thus suppressed.
Кронштадт 1921 - References - Netflix