Showcasing the best of traditional and contemporary Maori performing arts.
Runtime: 30 minutes
2016 Regional Kapa Haka - Austronesian peoples - Netflix
The Austronesian peoples are various groups in Southeast Asia, Oceania and East Africa that speak languages that are under the Austronesian language super-family. They include Taiwanese aborigines, the majority of ethnic groups in the Philippines, East Timor, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Polynesia, Micronesia and Madagascar, as well as the Malays of Singapore, the Polynesians of New Zealand and Hawaii and the non-Papuan peoples of Melanesia. All of these peoples can be connected through the Austronesian language super-family. They are also found in the regions of Southern Thailand, the Cham areas in Vietnam and Cambodia, and the Hainan island province of China, parts of Sri Lanka, southern Myanmar, the southern tip of South Africa, Suriname, and some of the Andaman Islands. On top of that, Austronesian diaspora also can be found in the United States, Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Spain, Portugal, Hong Kong, Macau and Mauritius, as well as the West Asian countries. The people of the Maldives also possess traces of Austronesian genes via gene flow from the Malay Archipelago. The nations and territories predominantly populated by Austronesian-speaking peoples are known collectively as Austronesia.
2016 Regional Kapa Haka - Geographic distribution - Netflix
According to a recent studies by Stanford University, there is wide variety of paternal ancestry among the Austronesian people, aside from European introgression found in Maritime Southeast Asia, Oceania, and Madagascar. They constitute the dominant ethnic group in the Malay Peninsula, Maritime Southeast Asia, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and Madagascar. An estimated 380,000,000 people living in these regions are of Austronesian descent. The peoples constitute the dominant ethnic groups in Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, the Philippines, the southernmost part of Thailand and East Timor, together with Singapore. Outside this area, they inhabit Palau, Guam and the Northern Marianas, most of Madagascar, the Cham areas of Vietnam and Cambodia (the remnants of the Champa kingdom which covered central and southern Vietnam), and all countries in the Micronesian and Polynesian sphere of influence.
Austronesian peoples consist of the following groupings by name and geographic location. Formosan: Taiwan. e.g. Amis, Atayal, Bunun, Paiwan. Malayo-Polynesian: Borneo groups: e.g. Kadazan-Dusun, Murut, Iban, Bidayuh, Dayak, Lun Bawang/Lundayeh Chamic group: Cambodia, Hainan, Cham areas of Vietnam (remnants of the Champa kingdom which covered central and southern Vietnam) as well as Aceh in northern Sumatra. e.g. Acehnese, Chams, Jarai, Utsuls. Central Luzon group: Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Sambal. Igorot (Cordillerans): Cordilleras. e.g. Balangao, Ibaloi, Ifugao, Itneg, Kankanaey. Lumad: Mindanao. e.g. Kamayo, Manobo, Tasaday, T'boli. Malagasy: Madagascar. e.g. Betsileo, Merina, Sakalava, Tsimihety. Melanesians: Melanesia. Fijians, e.g. Kanak, Ni-Vanuatu, Solomon Islands Micronesians: Micronesia. e.g. Carolinian, Chamorros, Palauan. Moken: Burma, Thailand. Moro: Bangsamoro (Mindanao & Sulu Archipelago). e.g. Maguindanao, Maranao, Tausug, Sama-Bajau. Northern Luzon lowlanders: e.g. Ilocano, Ibanag, Itawes. Polynesians: Polynesia. Māori, Native Hawaiians, Samoans. Southern Luzon lowlanders: e.g. Tagalog, Bicolano Sunda–Sulawesi language and ethnic groups including Malay, Sundanese, Javanese, Balinese, Batak (geographically Includes Malaysia, Brunei, Pattani, Singapore, Cocos (Keeling) Islands parts of Sri Lanka, southern Myanmar and much of western and central Indonesia). Visayans: Visayas. e.g. Aklanon, Boholano, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Masbateño, Waray.
2016 Regional Kapa Haka - References - Netflix