Out of so many questions of why and how, one still looms large in the 21st century - how could so many people have collaborated with the Nazis before and during World War II, even though the regime under Hitler was rampaging through Europe, ghettoising and exterminating all that stood in its way?
Runtime: 60 minutes
Nazi Collaborators - Jan Hartman (Nazi collaborator) - Netflix
Jan Hartman (1887–1969) was a Dutch fascist and collaborator during World War II. After the war, he was active in far-right politics, and was one of the two founders of the Stichting Oud Politieke Delinquenten (“Foundation of Former Political Delinquents”; abbreviated SOPD), a right-wing organization founded by and for formerly jailed and convicted war criminals and collaborators.
Nazi Collaborators - After the war - Netflix
After the war Hartman was sentenced to ten years but was released early, in 1950, on probation. He founded the SOPD together with Jan Wolthuis in 1951. Hartman became the organization's secretary. The SOPD was the first and the largest of the collaboratist organizations in the country, “numbering perhaps a hundred former internees.” In 1952 he and Wolthuis played a never fully explained part in the escape of seven convicted war criminals from the Koepelgevangenis in Breda, including Klaas Carel Faber. From the mid-1950s on Hartman was particularly active in attempts to rehabilitate and provide for veterans of the Eastern Front. After his death in 1969, a Jan Hartman Foundation (Jan Hartman Stichting) was established; it claimed to be a charitable institution for former “political delinquents”, offering various kinds of assistance including legal aid. An attempt to found a Jan Hartman House in the 1970s (as a kind of Bronbeek for Eastern Front volunteers) were unsuccessful.
Nazi Collaborators - References - Netflix