Regional series looking at life on the railways in the Midlands and beyond. Presented by Tony Francis.
Runtime: 30 minutes
Railway Lives - Timeline of railway history - Netflix
This is a timeline of rail transport history.
Railway Lives - 1850 to 1899 - Netflix
1850: Kilometers of railway line in operation In Europe: Great Britain: 9797 Plus Ireland: 865; Germany: 5856; France: 2915; Austria: 1357; Belgium: 854; Russia: 501; Netherlands: 176. 1851 - First train in Chile from Caldera to Copiapó (80 km) 1851 - Initiative taken for a railway system in British India, for setting up military routes and growing trade. 1851 - Moscow – Saint Petersburg Railway 1852 - The first railway in Africa, in Alexandria, Egypt. 1853 - Railways introduced to India, train ran from Bombay (now Mumbai) to Thane. 1853 - Indianapolis' Union Station, the first “union station”, opened by the Terre Haute and Richmond Railroad, Madison and Indianapolis Railroad, and Bellefontaine Railroad in the United States. 1854 - The first railway in Brazil, inaugurated by Pedro II of Brazil on April 30 in Rio de Janeiro, built by the Viscount of Maua. 1854 - The first railway in Norway. Between Oslo and Eidsvoll. 1854 - The first railway in today's Serbia (then Austrian Empire), on 20 August 1854, between Lisava-Oravica-Bazijaš, operated on horse-drawn traffic, replaced in 1856 by steam locomotives. 1854 - First steam drawn railway in Australia. Melbourne to Hobson's Bay, Victoria. 1855 - The Panama Railway with over 50 miles (80 km) of track is completed after five years of work across the Isthmus of Panama at a cost of about $8,000,000 dollars and over 6,000 lives—the first 'transcontinental railway'. 1856 - The first railway in Papal State, Italy, from Rome to Frascati. 1856 - First railway completed in Portugal, linking Lisbon to Carregado. 1856 - Paris–Marseille railway opened, which together with other railways north of Paris created the first transcontinental railroad (from the English Channel to the Mediterranean Sea) 1857 - Steel rails first used in Britain. 1857 - The first railway in Argentina, built by Ferrocarril del Oeste between Buenos Aires and Flores, a distance of 10 km, opened to the public on August 30. 1858 - Henri Giffard invented the injector for steam locomotives. 1861 - First railway in Paraguay, from the station to the Port of Asuncion on June 14. 1862 - The first railway in Finland, from Helsinki to Hämeenlinna. 1862 - The Warsaw – Saint Petersburg Railway is opened. 1863 - First underground railway, the 4-mile (6.4 km) Metropolitan Railway opened in London. The adapted steam engines held condensed steam and let it out only at particular tunnel locations that had air vents. This gave rise to a new mode of subterranean urban transit: the Subway/U-Bahn/Metro. 1863 - Scotsman Robert Francis Fairlie invented the Fairlie locomotive with pivoted driving bogies, so trains could negotiate tighter track curves. This innovation was rare for steam locomotives, but was the model for most future diesel and electric locomotives. 1863 - First steam railway in New Zealand opened from Christchurch to Ferrymead. 1863 - World's first narrow - gauge steam locomotive built, The Princess (Later named Princess) for the Ffestiniog Railway 1864 - First railway line opened in Mauritius The North line covered 50 km (31 mi) and started operation on 23 May. 1865 - Pullman sleeping car introduced in the USA. 1866 - Ruse-Varna is the first railway line completed in Bulgaria (then part of the Ottoman Empire), connecting the Danube port of Ruse with the Black Sea port of Varna. 1869 - The First Transcontinental Railroad (North America) completed across the United States from Omaha, Nebraska to Sacramento, California. Built by Central Pacific and Union Pacific. 1869 - George Westinghouse established the Westinghouse Air Brake Company in the United States. 1870 - The Paldiski-Tallinn-St Petersburg line is opened as the first railway line in Estonia (then part of the Russian Empire). 1872 - The Midland Railway put in a third-class coach on its trains. 1875 - Midland Railway introduced eight and twelve wheeled bogie coaches. 1877 - Vacuum brakes are invented in the United States. 1879 - First electric railway demonstrated at the Berlin Trades Fair. 1881 - First public electric tram line, the Gross-Lichterfelde Tramway, opened in Berlin, Germany. 1881 - One of the first railway lines in the Middle East was built between Tehran and Rayy in Iran. 1882 - Lavatories were introduced on the Great Northern Railway coaches in Britain 1882 - The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway connected Atchison, Kansas with the Southern Pacific Railroad at Deming, New Mexico, thus completing a second transcontinental railroad in the U.S.. 1882 - First line in Kingdom of Serbia: 12 km long 600 mm wide gauge track from Majdanpek copper processing plant to Velike Livade, constructed by the “Serbian Copper & Iron Co” (official name in English, most stock holders were British), first run in June 1882. 1883 - First electric tram line using electricity served from an overhead line, the Mödling and Hinterbrühl Tram opened in Austria. 1883 - Southern Pacific Railroad linked New Orleans, Louisiana with Los Angeles, California thus completing the third U.S. transcontinental railroad. 1883 - The Northern Pacific Railway, links Chicago, Illinois with Seattle, Washington—the fourth U.S. transcontinental railroad. 1885 - The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed 5 years ahead of schedule, the longest single railway of its time, which links the eastern and western provinces of Canada. 1888 - Frank Sprague installs the “trolleypole” trolley system in Richmond, Virginia, making it the first large scale electric street railway in the US, though the first commercial installation of an electric streetcar in the United States was built in 1884 in Cleveland, Ohio and operated for a period of one year by the East Cleveland Street Railway Company. 1890 - First electric London Underground railway (subway) opened in London—all other subway systems soon followed suit. 1890 - U.S. employment is 749,000. 1891 - Construction began on the 9,313 km (5,787 mi) long Trans-Siberian railway in Russia. Construction completed in 1904. Webb C. Ball established the first railway watch official guidelines for railroad chronometers. 1892 - The first horse-drawn tram line in Belgrade, Serbia. 1893 - The first railway in Thailand between Bangkok to Samut Prakan opened (13.05 mi). The Great Northern Railway linked St. Paul, Minnesota to Seattle—the fifth U. S. transcontinental railroad. 1894 - Thailand's tram line using electricity served in Bangkok. 1894 - Serbia's first electric tram line in Belgrade. 1895 - Japan's first electrified railway opened in Kyoto. 1895 - First mainline electrification on a four-mile stretch (Baltimore Belt Line) of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 1899 - The first Korean railway line connects Noryangjin (Seoul) with Jemulpo (Incheon). 1899 - Tokyo's first electric railway, the predecessor to Keihin Electric Express Railway opened. 1899 - First use of three-phase alternating current in a mainline. The 40 km Burgdorf-Thun line opened in Switzerland
Railway Lives - References - Netflix