Coverage of the Scottish Labour Party annual conference.
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Scottish Labour Party Conference - Scottish Conservatives - Netflix
The Scottish Conservatives (Scottish Gaelic: Pàrtaidh Tòraidheach na h-Alba), officially the Scottish Conservative and Unionist Party, is the part of the Conservative Party in the United Kingdom that operates in Scotland. Describing itself as a “patriotic party of the Scottish centre-right”, it is the second-largest party in the Scottish Parliament and Scottish local government. It also sends the second-largest Scottish representation to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, after the SNP in each respect. The party is informally known as the Scottish Tories, due to the Conservative Party's historic links with the Tory Party. The leader of the Scottish Conservatives is Ruth Davidson MSP, who has held the post since 2011. The modern Scottish Conservative Party was established in 1965 with the merger of the Unionist Party into the Conservative Party in England and Wales. The Unionist Party, as with the Conservative and Unionist Party in England and Wales, was formed in 1912 by the merger of the Conservatives and Liberal Unionists, and existed as the dominant force in Scottish politics from the 1930s to the late 1950s. While organising itself as a separate party in Scotland, Unionists took the Conservative whip in the UK Parliament, with Bonar Law and Alec Douglas-Home, then Unionist Members of Parliament becoming leader of the Conservative Party and Prime Minister. Unionists won the most seats in Scotland in the 1955 general election and gained a majority of the Scottish vote - the second time this was achieved by a political party since the introduction of universal suffrage. They had also achieved a majority of the vote 24 years earlier in the 1931 general election with 54.4%. In the 1959 election, Unionist candidates won the most votes as a sum total in Scotland though not a majority of seats due to First Past the Post electoral system; since then the Labour Party went on to dominate Scottish politics for the remainder of the 20th century. The 1997 general election saw the party fail to return any MPs in Scottish constituencies and returned only one MP in the 2001, 2005, 2010, and 2015 elections. In the 2017 UK general election, the party increased its number of MPs to 13 on 28.6 per cent of the popular vote - its best performance since 1983 and in terms of votes since 1979. In the devolved Scottish Parliament, the Scottish Conservatives ranked in third place until the 2016 election. It is currently the largest opposition party, with 31 of 129 seats. It also holds one of six seats for the Scotland constituency of the European Parliament.
Scottish Labour Party Conference - Scottish devolution - Netflix
The party's commitments to a devolved Scottish Assembly were to decline under the leadership of Margaret Thatcher. Previously the party had offered some support for a Scottish Assembly, including in the so-called Declaration of Perth in 1968 under UK party leader Edward Heath. John Major, while endorsing further powers for the Scottish Grand Committee and the Scottish Office did not support a devolved parliament. With the Labour Party's victory in 1997, referendums on devolution were organised in Scotland and Wales, both receiving agreement that devolved legislatures should be formed. In 1999, the first elections to a devolved Scottish Parliament were held. Following the Conservatives electoral wipe-out in Scotland in 1997, devolution provided the party with a number of parliamentary representatives in Scotland. Less than a year following the first Scottish Parliament election, a 2000 by-election was held in the Ayr constituency with John Scott winning the seat from Labour. In the party leadership elections in 2011, the previous deputy leader Murdo Fraser proposed disbanding the party and creating a new Scottish party of the centre-right, similar to the previous Unionist Party and compared this arrangement to the relationship between the Christian Social Union in Bavaria and the Christian Democratic Union in Germany. The move was opposed by the other three candidates. Victory went to the newly elected MSP Ruth Davidson who suggested that she would oppose further devolution beyond the new powers proposed by the Calman Commission. The party was one of the three main Scottish political parties to join together in the Better Together campaign supporting Scotland remaining as part of the United Kingdom in the Scottish independence referendum, 2014. Following the referendum, and a Conservative majority government was returned in the 2015 general election with David Mundell appointed Secretary of State for Scotland, replacing the previous Liberal Democrat incumbents who served during the 2010-15 Coalition government. The UK Government set about implementing the recommendations of the cross-party Smith Commission, giving a range of new powers to the Scottish Parliament.
Scottish Labour Party Conference - References - Netflix